Aix-Marseille Université

PhD position in condensed matter physics: Ferroelectricity and electrons-phonons dynamics in epitaxial chalcogenides (Funded by Amidex)

2024-09-15 (Europe/Paris)
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RESEARCHER PROFILE: PhD/ R1: First stage Researcher                  
RESEARCH FIELD(S)1: Physics
MAIN SUB RESEARCH FIELD OR DISCIPLINES1: NanoPhysics, Condensed matter physics

JOB /OFFER DESCRIPTION
Context: Using light pulses provide a powerful tool for controlling complex systems on ultra-short timescales and for probing the fundamental properties of solid-state materials. This PhD aims at studying the light-induced mechanical stress of ferroelectric chalcogenides thin films with sub-nanosecond time resolution. To study these photostrictive effects and their temporal dynamics, time-resolved x-ray diffraction is a powerful tool. By analysing the dynamics of shear and longitudinal strain components measured by x-ray diffraction, the contribution of thermal and non-thermal processes resulting from the photoexcitation of charge carriers can be obtained. A close comparison with High Harmonic generation resulting from light pulses should provide a better understanding of charge carrier transport properties in this class of materials and open new routes in the field of THz generation. 

Description: Due to their use as functional materials, ferroelectric thin films are the subject of extensive research. Complex ferroelectric structures have been evidenced that result from the combined effects of mechanical stress induced by the substrate and electrostatic boundary conditions at ferroelectric domain walls. The control of such structures may be achieved by light. Indeed ferroelectric materials is a subclass of piezoelectrics and when light hits a ferroelectric material, the energy carried by light may be converted in a mechanical stress that can modify the ferroelectric polarization state. 

Among ferroelectrics, ferroelectric Rashba semiconductors are a novel class of materials with strong potential for spintronic applications. Seminal works have been obtained on GeTe thin films, however many questions remain concerning the possibility of switching the GeTe polarization state with an electric field due to its conductive character. In that perspective it is proposed to tune the ferroelectric polarization state with light. To decipher the different contributions in the GeTe ferroelectric dynamics (strain field components, polarization, Debye-Waller factor) the use of time-resolved x-ray diffraction on single crystalline thin film is crucial. 

The aims of this PhD are therefore (i) to grow chalcogenide thin films by Molecular Beam Epitaxy on well-defined substrates; (ii) to investigate the ferroelectric state of the thin films by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and low energy electron microscopy and (iii) to address the strain field and the ferroelectric polarization state in the sub-nanosecond range by time-resolved x-ray diffraction. The PhD will focus first on the growth of GeTe thin films and the characterization of ferroelectric polarization. The time-resolved x-ray diffraction experiments will be performed in close collaboration with LP3 lab (Laser Plasma et Procédés Photoniques) at the ASUR plateform on Luminy campus as well as at the ID9 beamline of the European Synchrotron Research Facility (ESRF, Grenoble). This study is part of the AMIDEX project “INDIGENA” and will be carried out in close collaboration with condensed matter theoreticians and with THz spectroscopy experimentalists. 

More infos at: Website: https://www.cinam.univ-mrs.fr/cinam/

TYPE OF CONTRACT: TEMPORARY / JOB STATUS: FULL TIME        
APPLICATION DEADLINE: 15/09/2024 
ENVISAGED STARTING DATE: 01/10/2024
ENVISAGED DURATION: 36 months
JOB NOT FUNDED THROUGH AN EU RESEARCH FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME

WORK LOCATION(S): Centre Interdisciplinaire de Nanoscience de Marseille - UMR 7325  CNRS - Aix Marseille Université – Campus de Luminy – Case 913 – 13288 MARSEILLE Cedex 09

WHAT WE OFFER: 2100 € (gross salary) 

Additional information: The Euraxess Center of Aix-Marseille Université informs foreign visiting professors, researchers, postdoc and PhD candidates about the administrative steps to be undertaken prior to arrival at AMU and the various practical formalities to be completed once in France: visas and entry requirements, insurance, help finding accommodation, support in opening a bank account, etc. More information on AMU EURAXESS Portal 

QUALIFICATIONS, REQUIRED RESEARCH FIELDS, REQUIRED EDUCATION LEVEL, PROFESSIONAL SKILLS, OTHER RESEARCH REQUIREMENTS
The candidate must hold, by July 2024, a Master degree in physics, nanoscience, or any equivalent diploma. A Highly motivated candidate in experimental physics with a solid background in condensed matter physics/nanophysics is foreseen.

Soft skills: Autonomy, Teamwork, Analytical and critical thinking, Listening and observing are necessary

HOW TO APPLY: Frederic.leroy.3@univ-amu.fr 

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Informatie over de vacature

Functienaam
PhD position in condensed matter physics: Ferroelectricity and electrons-phonons dynamics in epitaxial chalcogenides (Funded by Amidex)
Locatie
Jardin du Pharo 58, bd Charles Livon Marseille, Frankrijk
Gepubliceerd
2024-06-04
Uiterste sollicitatiedatum
2024-09-15 23:59 (Europe/Paris)
2024-09-15 23:59 (CET)
Soort functie
PhD
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