Offshore wind energy plays a central role in Europe’s transition to a carbon-free energy system. In Europe, numerous offshore wind zones surpass 1GW in capacity, several of which are under construction. At these sizes, wind farms interact with the atmospheric boundary layer and the local meso-scale weather system. Only very recently, the importance of these effects for wind-farm operation have been recognized. For instance for the combined Belgian–Dutch offshore cluster, the effect of wind-farm induced gravity-wave systems on the overall Annual Energy Production can be up to 6% (less production), and up to 30% on hourly production. Two-way interaction with other meso-scale systems, such as land–sea breeze or convection cells may also be important, but this has not yet been investigated to date. These effects are not included in current windfarm planning and forecasting tools. The FREEWIND project aims at developing a planning and forecasting platform that includes mesoscale feedback. A central case study will be centered around Belgian’s offshore wind zones. The platform is made available open-source through a dedicated web interface that allows for online scenario analysis. The FREEWIND project (Development of a Fast REsourcE planning and forecasting platform for the Belgian offshore WIND zones) is financed by the Flemish Energy Transition Fund, which aims to encourage and support energy research and development supporting the transition to a carbon-neutral society. The project team consists of nine researchers and supporting staff. Three PhD students will be recruited at the start of the project and work full time for four years (the current position is one of them). A data scientist and ICT engineer, will work part time on the project. The project is closely aligned with another funded project on two-way meso–micro coupling for wind farm optimization and design, carried out by two PhD students at KU Leuven. The project is led by Prof. Johan Meyers (Turbulent Flow Simulation and Optimization (TFSO) research group; department of Mechanical Engineering) and Prof. Nicole van Lipzig (Regional Climate Studies (RCS) research group; department of Earth and Environmental Sciences). Within the TFSO and RCS group there is ample of expertise on the modelling tools needed for the FREEWIND project. The current PhD position will be supervised by Prof. J. Meyers and co-supervised by Prof. N. van Lipzig.
To date, the main engineering paradigm with respect to the wind resource is a one-way approach, in which wind turbines are considered too small to affect the local wind climate. Current engineering tools for wind-farm planning are based on this approach. The development and open availability of fast models that include two-way coupling will be paramount for the efficient development and future exploitation of Europe’s large offshore wind farms. For this reason, KU Leuven developed an atmospheric perturbation model (Allaerts & Meyers, JFM 2019). The PhD will work on extending this model to take into account non homogeneous conditions, and baroclinic conditions. Moreover, a dynamical version of the model will be developed. The micro-scale model SP-Wind, a Large-Eddy Simulation code developed at KU Leuven, will be used to obtain highly detailed data sets for the development and validation of the atmospheric perturbation model. To this end, the current version of SP-Wind, will be slightly extended to include shallow boundary layers and effects of baroclinicity in the free atmosphere. The ultimate goal of this PhD is to develop and validate an engineering model for the planning (5 years to 20 years), forecasting (1 day to 7 days) and nowcasting (30 min to 1 day) ranges thereby including two-way coupling on all these timescales.
Candidates have a master degree in one of the following or related fields: fluid mechanics, aerospace or mathematical engineering,numerical mathematics, or computational physics. They should have a good background or interest in fluid mechanics, simulation, optimization, and programming (Fortran,C/C++, MATLAB, Python, …). Proficiency in English is a requirement. The position adheres to the European policy of balanced ethnicity, age and gender.Both men and women are encouraged to apply.
Ideal start time is March 1st 2020, but earlier and later starting dates can be negotiated. The PhD position lasts for the duration of four years, and is carried out at the University of Leuven. During this time, the candidate also takes up a limited amount (approx. 10% of the time) of teaching activities. The remuneration is generous and is in line with the standard KU Leuven rates. It consists of a net monthly salary of about 2000 Euro (in case of dependent children or spouse, the amount can be somewhat higher).
Please send your application as soon as possible, and before May 31st, 2020 at the latest.
Decision: as soon as a suitable candidate applies
Starting Date: candidates can start immediately. Start preferably in March 2020.
Please apply using the KU Leuven online application tool. Applications by email will not be considered
You can apply for this job no later than May 31, 2020 via the online application tool
KU Leuven seeks to foster an environment where all talents can flourish, regardless of gender, age, cultural background, nationality or impairments. If you have any questions relating to accessibility or support, please contact us at diversiteit.HR@kuleuven.be.Meer informatie
|Titel||Two-way Meso–micro Coupling for Wind Farm Planning, Forecasting and Nowcasting|
|Job location||Oude Markt 13, 3000 Leuven|
|Gepubliceerd||november 22, 2019|
|Sluitingsdatum||mei 31, 2020|
|Vakgebieden||Milieuwetenschap,   Ruimtevaarttechniek,   Milieutechniek,   Remote Sensing,   Getaltheorie,   Computationele fysica,   Mechanische techniek,   Mechanica,   Computationele wiskunde,    and 1 more. Vloeistofmechanica  |